In His life, Jesus fulfilled the requirements of the Law. He was sinless, and had to be in order to qualify as our substitutionary sacrifice (2 Cor. 5:21). In His death on The Cross, Jesus blotted “out the ordinances that was against us” and that condemned us (Col. 2:14). He didn’t abolish the moral Law, per se, because what is right will never change. But, Jesus blotted over the moral requirements that none of us were able to keep. This meant that humanity no longer had to be judged by God according to our “works”, or performance in being able to keep the Law; which we are all incapable of doing (Rom. 3:10-20). He suffered the punishment for all sin, for all time when He died on The Cross as the sin Sacrifice. Jesus satisfied the demands of the Law for us, and offered His righteousness to pay for all of humanity’s unrighteousness. He was what the ceremonial Law pointed to. And, He kept and fulfilled the civil and moral Law for us, as well. Because of Jesus’ perfect and sinless life, He alone was able to be The Perfect Sacrifice required to suffer the punishment for our sins. No one has to suffer the eternal penalty for the sins they have committed. It doesn’t matter how many times you have sinned, or how awful your sin is or was, Jesus already took the punishment for your sin. He did this when He offered His life for yours on The Cross.
By our Faith and trust in the fact, that Jesus Christ has already been judged and punished for all our sin, we can now have access to being in right relationship with God (Rom. 3:21-28, 5:1-2). No one has to be judged by God according to who they are by nature, or by what they have done due to that nature. Instead, they can place their Faith in The Cross of Christ as the solution for the penalty of sin they deserve. The standard of righteousness that stood opposed to us because we are all sinners, is no longer in our way of being right with God. Jesus has done away with it. The penalty of sin has been paid in full! Jesus said “it is finished” (John 19:30). The way to full redemption had just been made! “For Christ is the end of the Law for righteousness to everyone who Believes” (Rom. 10:4). “How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God” (Heb. 9:14)? Jesus has already paid for and won our acceptance with God the Father. His blood shed on The Cross is what makes us righteous and the only thing that can make us righteous (in right relationship with) before God. Dead works are anything mankind attempts in order to make themselves right with God outside of Faith in the blood of Christ. Practicing morality can be a dead work. Going to a church building can be a dead work. They don’t need to be, but can be if you believe these efforts are how you please God. Reading the Bible could even be turned into “dead works”, if you think because you read “His book”, God is obligated to bless you. The Bible never tells us to put our Faith or trust in doing any of these things to be accepted by Him. Dead works are the result of a false belief system mankind has devised. A belief system that tells us our labors and “good works” will result in acceptance or right standing with God. They won’t. We can accomplish some “good things” through our own strength. However, “things” are never good enough to merit the acceptance or favor of God. God can only show us favor and blessing according to the goodness and worthiness of His Son. By Faith in the finished work of Jesus Christ, God can see us and deal with us, not according to our pathetic attempts at goodness, but instead according to the perfection of His Son Jesus. He sees us “through” His Son, as if we have never sinned! Our sins have already been judged and the penalty has already been paid when Jesus shed His blood on The Cross (Col. 1:20, Eph. 2:13-14). That is what The Cross was for! Now we can, by Faith, attain and enjoy the verdict of being not guilty, despite the fact that we are! His death was our death, His burial was our burial and His resurrection is now available to be our resurrection (Rom. 6:3-5). All can escape the justice and wrath of a righteous God against our sin by accepting His Way of escape (Rom. 5:9). God the Father judged and punished the sin of the world when He allowed His Son to be the Substitute and bear the sin penalty for us (Isa. 53:3-6, Mark 15:33-34, 1 Pet. 2:24).
Talking about never being judged for our works can be confusing, because some of a Believers “works” have already been judged, and some have not . Clarification needs to be made concerning judgment and works. All works of sin that a Believer ever has or ever will commit have already been paid for and judged at The Cross. Although, any current or future sins of the Believer are to be confessed, repented of and turned away from, the payment for those sins has already been made (1 John 1:9, Heb. 9:25-28). The “works” that haven’t been judged yet concern a positive judgment, not in the negative sense judgment is often thought of. “They shall be judged by the Law of Liberty” (James 2:12). Romans 14:10 tells us that all Believers (that is who the letter of Romans was written to, Believers) will “stand before the Judgment Seat of Christ.” This will be like a rewards ceremony after an Olympic event is completed. Everyone at this judgment has won. This judgment isn’t for qualification, but instead determines what reward(s) one will receive. Jesus will reward His people according to their faithfulness in relying on and obedience to His Spirit.
Those who tried to earn their righteousness and redemption by what they did, will be at the Great White Throne Judgment of damnation according to Revelation 20:11-15. God will judge all of mankind that has rejected His Son as their Savior. You don’t want to attend this judgment! Those judged here, are those who do not have their names written in the Book of Life. This book in heaven contains the names of all who have their Faith in Jesus’ accomplishment at The Cross to be the answer for their sin problem. Because those who will be at the Great White Throne Judgment had not placed their Faith in Christ’s righteousness to be their righteousness, all of their works will be judged according to how well they fulfilled the righteous Law of God (Rev. 20:12-13). Everyone there will be found guilty and cast into the “Lake of Fire” (Rev. 20:15).
And yes, Jesus is “judging”, which could be better viewed as “evaluating”, Believers on this side of heaven. He does this for our betterment. His evaluations are to inform Believers (He already knows) how firm their Faith is when they have a trial in this life (1 Pet. 1:7). Jesus is watching to see if we will yield ourselves and be “kept by the power of God through Faith” until the end, or be deceived by another gospel (1 Pet. 1:5, Gal. 1:6-9). This judging and evaluating is not to condemn, but to impart life, although conviction and chastening doesn’t feel good at the time. If a Believer adheres to the instruction of the Lord, “the peaceable fruit of righteousness will be produced (Heb. 12:11). Continuing in the Faith is not automatic, and it is not an easy task. If you think it is, then you really don’t understand living by Faith! Satan is constantly working to corrupt a Believer’s Faith. He encourages them to trust in ANYTHING for CONTINUED redemption OTHER THAN the blood of Jesus and the power of the Holy Spirit EXCLUSIVELY!